Immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia test for cats (FIV Ab+ FeLV Ag)
A quick diagnostic test for cats that helps to distinguish diseases with similar symptoms and to start a targeted treatment.
Feline leukemia is a dangerous infectious disease caused by the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). The pathogen is shed in saliva, feces, milk and other secretions. Infection occurs primarily by direct contact, by licking each other, by biting or, in kittens, with mother's milk.
"Feline immunodeficiency virus infection" (FIV for short) is also known as feline AIDS or immunodeficiency virus infection. . FI viruses attack the body's own defense system of cats and prevent the normal development of white blood cells.
An antigen is a substance whose main function is to influence the body's immune response. The contribution of antigens to the functioning of the immune system is crucial, because without their presence it could not function properly. Antigens are recognized by the immune system, which then triggers the production of antibodies in the body.
Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are the most important proteins of the specific immune response, and their main function is to protect the body against threats, e.g., from microorganisms. Antibodies diagnosed by blood tests indicate infection.
The Set contains:
- 1x pair of single use gloves
- 1x razor
- 1x cotton swab with alcohol
- 1x single use blood lancet (color pink)
- 1x tube with assay buffer
- 1x all-in-one container (color blue)
- 1x small adhesive bandage
- 1x instruction of use
During the test, the blood of the infected cat is tested. Blood can be taken e.g. from the ear or from the paw. If necessary, the injection site should be shaved. After the injection, the collected blood is mixed with the test buffer and placed in the "S" field. The liquid migrates along the membrane. If FeLV antigens and/or FIV antibodies are present in the sample (the test is positive), visible lines appear in the "T" test field.
The test procedure is straightforward and provides quick answers to the dog owner.